Western Himalayan region endowed with a wide variety of natural resources(Richest in natural resources but poorest in use). However, study reveals that due to lack of technology transfer to the local community, the resource could not be harvest properly for livelihood support resulting into migration rate from hill to plains has become very high in last one decade. Approximately 3600 villages have become totally vacant and is a threatening sign for future. On the other land Uttarakhand is gorgeously rich in bio-resources but poorly use too. It is simply because of poor linkages between Community and Science and Technology. Therefore, role of Biotechnology eventually becomes most relevant science for mountain region as it is the major science and knowledge relevant to mountain resources.
Besides, Agriculture although currently placed uneconomic in hilly region but due to it specificity it can be made attractively returnable. Moreover, in Himalaya agriculture cannot be merely taken as an isolated activity. It is inclusive in nature. It involves Forest, Water, Soil and other climatic factors and this too vary within short distances. This becomes advantageous too as this variation brings crop diversely for region specific produce. Mountain agriculture needs special attention for two major reasons. It can make agriculture ecosystem productive and sustainable as well will ameliorate economic health of community who otherwise tend to migrate elsewhere in search of job. Since, agriculture here is forest inclusive, overall ecosystem sustainability simultaneously becomes important for restoration.
During last five decades a lot of emphasis has been given to forest inclusive agriculture improvement, technology development and extension of new inventions in Agriculture to farmerâ€™s field. The green revolutions followed by gene revolution supported by appropriate technology have opened the windows of new hope in the qualitative and quantitative improvement of crops, milk, meat and wool production. The benefit of new technologies to small and marginal farmers is still in poor shape specially in Himalaya region. Therefore, an urgent need is felt to work at grassroots level to make effective change in the socio-economic condition of poor famers of Western Himalayas. This is also important. Keeping this in view biotech Kisan hubs are being proposed to fulfil- the technology requirement of the area to generate agriculture and bio-resource related jobs and better livelihood as Himalaya serves whole country by various ecosystem services. This would also check migration tendency.
A kisan hub for mountain is initiative for multitask and disciplinary to serve farmers community. It has offer farmers community all possible services that can help improving their local economy and ecology. The major theme of the hub is to promote forest inclusive farming so that sustainability can be ensured for long term delivery.
One central hub (CH) and three sub hubs (SB) are established in different agro climatic zones with demographic variations. . The central hub has been established at Dehradun, and Sub hubs have been created at, Almora, Chakrata and Chamoli separately. The communities around the sub hubs have been constantly rendered bio knowledge, and other farm besides organizing interaction. These sub hubs have been connected to central hub at HESCO, Dehradun through all major means of communications including information technology network. The sub hubs are equipped with communication tools i.e internet, television, computer, radio etc. Every sub hub serves around 5 to 6 villages of their proximity. Farmer leadership is generated in each Hub. The leader farmers with his model farm and practices became the launching pad of knowledge for other farmers.
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